The live primate trade consists of animals that are captured and removed from their native habitat. They are then marketed locally, nationally or internationally as pets, as performers, and for the biomedical and pharmaceutical industries. This group is concerned mainly with the illegal sale of primates as pets and performers. The extent of the illegal primate trade is hard to quantify but has serious ramifications for primate conservation and welfare. This group works closely with the primates in culture group because cultural and social factors have a strong influence of the market for illegally traded primates.
The hunting of primates, for sport and/or for subsistence, is a major threat to many primates.